Human Rights in the Middle East: The treaty governs the treatment of civilians during wartime, including hostages, diplomats, spies, bystanders and civilians in territory under military occupation. The convention outlaws torture, collective punishment and the resettlement by an occupying power of its own civilians on territory under its military control.
However, it seems that Western nation followed the laws began by Ancient Rome. Before long, each city had a court and had developed their laws to punish the culprits and thereby protect the citizens. But research indicates that the earliest form of punishment can be found in the twelve centuries that is called the Justinian Code Roth, For centuries, people has been punished and died for committing rape, theft, or other unspeakable crimes.
The Constitio Criminals was created by the Holy Roman Empire in in order to punish the criminals.
They developed their own laws for punishment, since not every country was following these laws. For the most part, punishment was used to punish as well as deter the would-be criminals.
Due to the creation of new punishments with each passing century, life became more civilized. People felt safer with the laws in place for punishment that could protect them.
Thus, different countries started with different laws and levels of punishment, but with the passage of time, each country has developed laws for punishment in order to protect their citizens and establish more civilized societies.
History of Prison Development Before the s, prisons were virtually nonexistent as they were not considered a serious punishment for crime and therefore hardly ever used. Instead those people are imprisoned by the government who were awaiting the punishment or trial whereupon they would receive the more common corporal or capital types of punishment.
At that time, common punishments included branding, whipping, imposing fines, and the death penalty capital punishment. Most offenders were punished by the authorities in public for discouraging people from breaking the law; where, it falls under the theory of deterrence Morris, However, French and English rulers used to keep their political enemies imprisoned in prisons such as the Bastille in Paris or the Tower of London.
However, the debtors had to stayPurpose and history of penitentiaries Name Date CJA/ Introduction to Corrections Instructors Name History of Punishment History of punishment exists since of thousands of years.
Though, it is very tough to decide when exactly human civilization started punishment system.
History and Purpose of Penitentiaries Jeffrey Brown CJA July 7, George Chavarria History and Purpose of Penitentiaries Crime has had an impact on society . THE PURPOSE AND HISTORY OF PENITENTIATIES 2 Abstract Have you ever wondered about the history of penitentiaries?
There are fascinating stories not only about the history of the penitentiary, but how it was developed as well. As a matter of fact, there are many differences and similarities of so many different prisons and penitentiaries throughout the U.S%(2).
This timeline was created by a capstone reporting class at the University of Maryland Philip Merrill College of Journalism, in conjunction with Kaiser Health News and Capital News Service, for a project on the deinstitutionalization of mental patients.
Purpose and history of penitentiaries Name Date CJA/ Professor History of Punishment History of punishment exists since of thousands of years.
Though, it is very tough to decide when exactly human civilization started punishment system. Purpose and History of Penitentiaries- CjaDoc - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.