The appendix consists of an array of documentation that ranges from receipts and bank statements to contracts and inventories.
Here's some advice on how to include things like a sales forecast, expense budget, and cash-flow statement. Based in the Washington, D.
Getty Images A business plan is all conceptual until you start filling in the numbers and terms. The sections about your marketing plan and strategy are interesting to read, but they don't mean a thing if you can't justify your business with good figures on the bottom line.
You do this in a distinct section of your business plan for financial forecasts and statements. The financial section of a business plan is one of the most essential components of the plan, as you will need it if you have any hope of winning over investors or obtaining a bank loan.
Even if you don't need financing, you should compile a financial forecast in order to simply be successful in steering your business. The Purpose of the Financial Section Let's start by explaining what the financial section of a business plan is not. Realize that the financial section is not the same as accounting.
Many people get confused about this because the financial projections that you include--profit and loss, balance sheet, and cash flow--look similar to accounting statements your business generates.
But accounting looks back in time, starting today and taking a historical view. Business planning or forecasting is a forward-looking view, starting today and going into the future.
It's an elaborate educated guess.
And you don't spend a lot of time on minute details in a financial forecast that depends on an educated guess for sales. You're going to need it if you are seeking investment from venture capitalists, angel investors, or even smart family members. They are going to want to see numbers that say your business will grow--and quickly--and that there is an exit strategy for them on the horizon, during which they can make a profit.
Any bank or lender will also ask to see these numbers as well to make sure you can repay your loan. It should be a guide to running your business," Pinson says. One way, Berry says, is to break the figures into components, by sales channel or target market segment, and provide realistic estimates for sales and revenue.
But if you break the guess into component guesses and look at each one individually, it somehow feels better," Berry says.
The Components of a Financial Section A financial forecast isn't necessarily compiled in sequence. And you most likely won't present it in the final document in the same sequence you compile the figures and documents.
Berry says that it's typical to start in one place and jump back and forth. For example, what you see in the cash-flow plan might mean going back to change estimates for sales and expenses.
Still, he says that it's easier to explain in sequence, as long as you understand that you don't start at step one and go to step six without looking back--a lot--in between.
Start with a sales forecast. Set up a spreadsheet projecting your sales over the course of three years. Set up different sections for different lines of sales and columns for every month for the first year and either on a monthly or quarterly basis for the second and third years.
Because you want to calculate gross margin. Gross margin is sales less cost of sales, and it's a useful number for comparing with different standard industry ratios. The best way to do that, Berry says, is to look at past results.
Create an expenses budget. You're going to need to understand how much it's going to cost you to actually make the sales you have forecast. Berry likes to differentiate between fixed costs i. Berry recommends you go with simple math.
He says multiply estimated profits times your best-guess tax percentage rate to estimate taxes. And then multiply your estimated debts balance times an estimated interest rate to estimate interest.
Develop a cash-flow statement. This is the statement that shows physical dollars moving in and out of the business. You base this partly on your sales forecasts, balance sheet items, and other assumptions.
If you are operating an existing business, you should have historical documents, such as profit and loss statements and balance sheets from years past to base these forecasts on. If you are starting a new business and do not have these historical financial statements, you start by projecting a cash-flow statement broken down into 12 months.
Pinson says that it's important to understand when compiling this cash-flow projection that you need to choose a realistic ratio for how many of your invoices will be paid in cash, 30 days, 60 days, 90 days and so on. You don't want to be surprised that you only collect 80 percent of your invoices in the first 30 days when you are counting on percent to pay your expenses, she says.
Some business planning software programs will have these formulas built in to help you make these projections.A business plan that includes an appendix goes a long way in convincing the reader of your thoroughness in developing a business idea. Most business plans average 20 to 35 pages without an appendix.
The documents in an appendix do not provide new material, but instead provide details that help substantiate and support the facts presented in the plan. Oct 25, · How to Write a Business Plan for a Small Business. A business plan refers to a written document that comprehensively outlines what your business is, where it is going, and how it will get there.
Each year after that, yearly statements. These documents will be placed in the Appendix Section of your business plan.
it really helped me 88%(). How to Write a Business Plan.
When how to write a business plan is at the top of the SBA list of the ten steps in how to start a business, it tells you something about . The appendix is always directly behind the last section in the business plan.
In most cases, the financial information is the last section.
Java Culture coffee shop business plan appendix. Java Culture is a gourmet coffee bar that boasts a fun, relaxed atmosphere for its customers. Toggle navigation. Starting a business made easy. Business Ideas Write your business plan with the #1 online business planning tool. The appendix page of the leslutinsduphoenix.com restaurant sample marketing plan. This is “Appendix: A Sample Business Plan”, chapter 16 from the book Modern Management of Small Businesses (v. ). For details on it (including licensing), click here.
However, the order of the business plan’s sections. By now, we hope you’ve read through our series on How to Write a Business Plan, and have reached this final installment, which is what to include in the leslutinsduphoenix.com of your business plan as the narrative that tells the story, while the appendix is where you put the factual information that supports it.
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