With more IoT devices entering the consumer market, it becomes imperative to detect their security vulnerabilities before an attacker does. Existing binary analysis based approaches only work on firmware, which is less accessible except for those equipped with special tools for extracting the code from the device. To address this challenge in IoT security analysis, we present in this paper a novel automatic fuzzing framework, called IOTFUZZER, which aims at finding memory corruption vulnerabilities in IoT devices without access to their firmware images.
Source of the data Process used to create the data For example, a digital image may include metadata that describes how large the picture is, the color depth, the image resolution, when the image was created, the shutter speed, and other data.
Metadata within web pages can also contain descriptions of page content, as well as key words linked to the content. But if given the context that this database is a log of a book collection, those digit numbers may now be identified as ISBNs - information that refers to the book, but is not itself the information within the book.
The term "metadata" was coined in by Philip Bagley, in his book "Extension of Programming Language Concepts" where it is clear that he uses the term in the ISO "traditional" sense, which is "structural metadata" i. In these fields the word metadata is defined as "data about data".
Types[ edit ] While the metadata application is manifold, covering a large variety of fields, there are specialized and well-accepted models to specify types of metadata.
Guide metadata helps humans find specific items and are usually expressed as a set of keywords in a natural language.
According to Ralph Kimball metadata can be divided into 2 similar categories: Technical metadata corresponds to internal metadata, and business metadata corresponds to external metadata. Kimball adds a third category, process metadata. On the other hand, NISO distinguishes among three types of metadata: Structural metadata describes how the components of an object are organized.
An example of structural metadata would be how pages are ordered to form chapters of a book. Finally, administrative metadata gives information to help manage the source. Administrative metadata refers to the technical information, including file type, or when and how the file was created.
Two sub-types of administrative metadata are rights management metadata and preservation metadata.
Rights management metadata explains intellectual property rights, while preservation metadata contains information to preserve and save a resource. An additional type of metadata beginning to be more developed is accessibility metadata.
Accessibility metadata is not a new concept to libraries; however, advances in universal design have raised its profile.
Those types of information are accessibility metadata. While the efforts to describe and standardize the varied accessibility needs of information seekers are beginning to become more robust their adoption into established metadata schemas has not been as developed.
Tools such as controlled vocabulariestaxonomiesthesauridata dictionariesand metadata registries can be used to apply further standardization to the metadata.Start studying ACC CHAN CHAPTER Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
A. a lower cost of advertising per customer reached. A. XML is extensible markup language while XBRL is extensible business reporting language. B. XML is extensive markup language while XBRL is extensive business. Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two.
Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs.. For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get . International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research.
1. Introduction to OpenLDAP Directory Services. This document describes how to build, configure, and operate OpenLDAP Software to provide directory services. This includes details on how to configure and run the Standalone LDAP Daemon, slapd(8). It is intended for new and experienced administrators alike. XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) is an XML-based computer language for the electronic transmission of business and financial data. The goal of XBRL is to standardize the automation of business intelligence (BI). International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research.
This specification defines the Universal Business Language, version DEFINITION of 'eXtensible Business Reporting Language - XBRL' eXtensible Business Reporting Language is a standard that was developed to improve the way in which financial data is .
XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language), is a freely available XML-based specification that uses accepted financial reporting standards and practices to exchange financial statements across all software and technologies.