Tweet on Twitter The first European missionaries to Africa can be traced back to missions in Ethiopia and the Congo in the 15th and 16th centuries. When the Portuguese arrived in Ethiopia, they found the locals practicing Coptic Christianity.
The blame of those ye better The hate of those ye guard— The cry of hosts ye humour Ah slowly to the light: The lines following this initial declaration reveal the prevailing attitude in regards to how such a civilizing mission would proceed.
Africans were considered culturally inferior, an idea that was supported by scientific racism. Nott gave this lecture in the United States 35 years before the official beginning of colonialism. Towards the end of his speech, Dr.
Nott states that Africans are incapable of civilizing themselves: Ultimately, these mentalities led to a violent, forceful takeover Conklin However, prior to this the idea existed that Europeans had a responsibility to colonize and therefore civilize Africans Practically, this was carried out in the colonies through increasing infrastructure, public health campaigns, education, and political reform ; Unfortunately, the eventual result of this was the use of coercive measures, including forced labor and violence that would ultimately cripple the continent Christianity was one justification that European powers used to colonize and exploit Africa.
Through the dissemination of Christian doctrine, European nations such as Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands sought to educate and reform African culture. In his book A History of Africa, scholar J.
Fage describes the racially based logic of European intellectuals and missionaries saying: Unfamiliar with the diverse cultures on the continent of Africa, European explorers viewed practices unfamiliar to them as lesser and savage. To many European nations, Christianity represented western civilization and the basis for Anglo-Saxon morality.
Christianity served as a major force in the partition and eventual colonization of Africa Boahen During the late 19th century, European nations increasingly vied for global power. In an attempt to augment political and regional influence, nations like Great Britain and France needed a justification for expansion.
Essentially Christianity was a guise by which Western governments justified the exploitation and conquest of African nations. Originally denoted as a reference to United States imperialism in the Philippines, the Anglos-centric basis of the poem holds true to the root structure of imperialist ideology.
Denouncing the religious practices of Africans as witchcraft and heathenism, European nations sought to convert, and then exploit the indigenous peoples of Africa.
Furthermore European missionaries called upon the tenants of Christianity to spread what they believed was a just and compassionate doctrine.
In practice they were used to degrade the culture and society of the African people. Under the pretense of humanitarian theology, European powers strategically implemented Christianity as a divisive imperialistic tool. In a missionary memoir written by monk named Daniel Kumler Flickinger, Flickinger describes the state of African culture, religion, and society in the nation of Ethiopia.
Flickinger articulates an argument used by Christian missionaries to justify the exploitative and coercive tactics implemented by European nations. Photo depicting early christian missionaries and native africans http: While European powers justified colonialism in Africa as a moral obligation to bestow modern civilization and Christianity on African societies, the potential for commerce and natural resources provided the true impetus for the colonization of Africa.
Following the abolition of the British slave trade in and the decline of trade with the United States in the mids for the same reason, Africa represented to Europe a recently legitimized and untapped region for economic expansion Lugard To further compound the potential for aggressive competition, the industrial revolution and mechanization of European industries ignited an unprecedented demand for natural resources.
The abundance of raw materials available Africa such as rubber, minerals, and oil thus emerged as a viable solution to fuel the burgeoning industry of European factories.
The untapped wealth of natural resources provided the incentive for these trade companies to aggressively establish economic control over African territories.Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest presents a dramatic, gripping chronicle of exploration and missions from the early nineteenth century through the Conference of Berlin in and the subsequent scramble for Africa.
Legitimate commerce would put down the slave trade by demonstrating the superior value of a man as a laborer on the soil to man as an object of merchandise and if conducted on wise and equitable principles, might be the precursor, or rather the attendant of civilization, peace and Christianity, to the unenlightened, warlike and heathen tribes.
Attitudes of Christianity and Islam Toward Merchants and Trade Essay. From their origins to , the attitudes of both Christian and Muslims toward trade shifted as conditions in the Christian and Islamic worlds changed - Attitudes of Christianity and Islam Toward Merchants and Trade Essay introduction.
In the beginning, Christian attitudes were more negative, while Muslims tended to. The attitudes of Christianity and Islam toward merchants and traders are similar. A way that these two religions attitudes towards their merchants and trade was that they both allowed being treated better under god easier for merchants to achieve if they were honest about what their trade.
The primary difference between trade and commerce is that trade is a narrow term that merely includes the selling and buying whereas commerce is a wider term that includes exchange as well as the several revenue generating activities that completes the exchange.
Islam And Christianity Merchants Essay Sample DBQ: The attitudes of Christianity and Islam toward merchants and trade form the religion’s origins until about Christianity and Islam have been the two of world’s most greatest religions for several hundreds years.