Businessman leaning over businesswoman, mid section Division of roles Sexual workplace harassment is a manifestation of power relations, women are more likely to be victims of sexual workplace harassment because they more often than men have a lack of power, are more vulnerable and are in secure positions, have more often lack of self-confidence or have been socialized to suffer in silence and isolation. There are a lot of differences of opinion about what sexual harassment causes.
Electronic harassment Electronic harassment is the unproven belief of the use of electromagnetic waves to harass a victim.
Psychologists have identified evidence of auditory hallucinationsdelusional disorders or other mental disorders in online communities supporting those who claim to be targeted. Landlord harassment Landlord harassment is the willing creation, by a landlord or his agents, of conditions that are uncomfortable for one or more tenants in order to induce willing abandonment of a rental contract.
Such a strategy is often sought because it avoids costly legal expenses and potential problems with eviction. This kind of activity is common in regions where rent control laws exist, but which do not allow the direct extension of rent-controlled prices from one tenancy to the subsequent tenancy, thus allowing landlords to set higher prices.
Landlord harassment carries specific legal penalties in some jurisdictionsbut enforcement can be very difficult or even impossible in many circumstances. However, when a crime is committed in the process and motives similar to those described above are subsequently proven in court, then those motives may be considered an aggravating factor in many jurisdictions, thus subjecting the offender s to a stiffer sentence.
Mobile harassment Mobile harassment refers to the sending of any type of text messagephoto messagevideo messageor voicemail from a mobile phone that threatens, torments, or humiliates the recipient of these messages. It is a form of cyber bullying.
Online[ edit ] Distribution of cyberbullying venues  used by young people in the US, according to the Centers for Disease Control  Main article: This often occurs in chat rooms, through newsgroups, and by sending hate e-mail to interested parties.
This may also include stealing photos of the victim and their families, doctoring these photos in offensive ways, and then posting them on social media with the aim of causing emotional distress see cyberbullyingcyberstalkinghate crimeonline predatorand stalking.
Power harassment Power harassment is harassment or unwelcome attention of a political nature, often occurring in the environment of a workplace including hospitals, schools and universities. It includes a range of behavior from mild irritation and annoyances to serious abuses which can even involve forced activity beyond the boundaries of the job description.
Power harassment is considered a form of illegal discrimination and is a form of political and psychological abuseand bullying. Psychological[ edit ] This is humiliating, intimidating or abusive behavior which is often difficult to detect, leaving no evidence other than victim reports or complaints.
This can take the form of verbal comments, engineered episodes of intimidation, aggressive actions or repeated gestures. Falling into this category is workplace harassment by individuals or groups mobbing.
Community-based psychological harassment, meanwhile, is stalking by a group  against an individual using repeated distractions that the individual is sensitized to.
Media reports of large numbers of coordinated groups stalking individual stalking victims, including a press interview given by an active duty police lieutenant, have described this community-based harassment as gang stalking.
Racial harassment The targeting of an individual because of their race or ethnicity. The harassment may include words, deeds, and actions that are specifically designed to make the target feel degraded due to their race or ethnicity. Religious[ edit ] Notice to passengers posted behind bus driver, in Hebrew: Verbal, psychological or physical harassment is used against targets because they choose to practice a specific religion.
Religious harassment can also include forced and involuntary conversions.The Causes and Effects of Sexual Harassment and What is Meant by it When it comes to workplace harassment, it is without doubt that harassment of a sexual nature is one of the most complex areas of employment law. Causes of Workplace Sexual Harassment In many cases, the cause of sexual harassment is rooted in the structure and nature of the workplace.
The following factors can contribute to instances of sexual harassment at work. Bowling et al. () propose a model that connects the potential causes of workplace harassment with its effects. Three potential causes of harassment are identified: the victim, the perpetrator and the environment.
This suggests that environmental and individual difference factors contribute to . Causes and Effects of Sexual Harassment “Sexual harassment is generally accepted to be unwanted conduct of sexual nature that affects the dignity of women and men at work.
What Causes Sexual Harassment?
by BalanceGirl | Feb 10, | Growth Architecture | 0 comments In the wake of the Harvey Weinstein scandal and the #MeToo movement, we are witnessing huge media publicity and scrutiny regarding all forms of sexual harassment.
causes and effects of sexual harassment on the performance of female employees” is written to appraise the causes and effects of sexual harassment in some selected organizations and the extent to which it affect employee productivity.
The researchers elicit data from both primary.