Teaching Guide Discussion questions Look at the painting entitled Indifference.
Table of Contents Context Elie Wiesel was born on September 30,in Sighet, a small town in Transylvania that was then part of Romania but became part of Hungary in His father, Shlomo, a shopkeeper, was very involved with the Jewish community, which was confined to the Jewish section of town, called the shtetl.
As a child and teenager, Wiesel distinguished himself in the study of traditional Jewish texts: Untilthe Jews of Hungary were relatively unaffected by the catastrophe that was destroying the Jewish communities in other parts of Europe. The country soon implemented a set of laws—including the infamous Nuremberg Laws of —designed to dehumanize German Jews and subject them to violence and prejudice.
By the time the Allies defeated Germany inthe Final Solution had resulted in the greatest act of genocide known to the world. Six million European Jews had been murdered, along with millions of Gypsies, homosexuals, and others whom the Nazis considered undesirable.
The greatest numbers of victims were killed in concentration camps, in which Jews—and other enemies of Germany—were gathered, imprisoned, forced into labor, and, when they could no longer be of use to their captors, annihilated.
In addition to the slaughter at the camps, millions of soldiers were killed in battle. While anti-Jewish legislation was a common phenomenon in Hungary, the Holocaust itself did not reach Hungary until In March ofhowever, the German army occupied Hungary, installing a puppet government a regime that depends not on the support of its citizenry but on the support of a foreign government under Nazi control.
The Nazis operated with remarkable speed: Eventually, the Nazis murderedHungarian Jews, the overwhelming majority of the prewar Jewish population in Hungary. In May ofwhen Wiesel was fifteen, his family and many inhabitants of the Sighet shtetl were deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland.
The largest and deadliest of the camps, Auschwitz was the site of more than 1, Jewish deaths. Wiesel himself survived and emigrated to France. Inhe condensed his work and translated it from its original Yiddish into French, publishing it under the title La Nuit. Although publishers were initially hesitant to embrace Night, believing that audiences would not be interested in such pessimistic subject matter, the memoir now stands as one of the most widely read and taught accounts of the Holocaust.
From a literary point of view, it opened the way for many other stories and memoirs published in the second half of the twentieth century. Night is narrated by a boy named Eliezer who represents Wiesel, but details differentiate the character Eliezer from the real-life Wiesel.
For instance, Eliezer wounds his foot in the concentration camps, while Wiesel wounded his knee. Wiesel fictionalizes seemingly unimportant details because he wants to distinguish his narrator from himself.
It is almost impossibly painful for a survivor to write about his Holocaust experience, and the mechanism of a narrator allows Wiesel to distance himself somewhat from the experience, to look in from the outside.
Also, Wiesel is interested in documenting emotional truth as well as the historical truth about physical events. But Night is neither a record of facts nor an impartial document. Nevertheless, since Wiesel employs various literary devices to make his story effective, it is important to examine how his techniques are different from those used in a novel.
One important difference is that a novel typically concerns itself with creating a convincing fictional story, explaining the causes and effects of everything that occurs within its fictional world, tying up loose ends, and fleshing out all of its characters.
After Eliezer is separated from his mother and sister, for example, he never speaks about them again, and we never learn their fate.
Night also has other literary elements. And carefully chosen poetic language reinforces detail throughout the work.The expert report which university professor Dr. Gerhard Jagschitz drew up for my jury trial in May (Hv /90) after five years of work showed for the first time that not a single document which has been used to support the criminal charges against National Socialist Germany (including the charges pertaining to the "Holocaust") was ever .
The leader of the German National Socialist (Nazi) party, Adolf Hitler, came to power in , behind campaign rhetoric that blamed the Jews for Germany’s depression after World War I. Germany embraced Hitler’s argument for the superiority of the Nordic peoples, which he (mistakenly) called the Aryan race.
While Night is Elie Wiesel’s. Elie Wiesel () is the author of more than fifty books, including Night, his harrowing account of his experiences in Nazi concentration leslutinsduphoenix.com book, first published in , was selected for Oprah's Book Club in , and continues to be an important reminder of man's capacity for inhumanity.
El Seductor, Carly Phillips X Keijutsukai Aikido - Japanese Art of Self-Defense, Thomas H. Makiyama Novela Aventura, Autores Varios, Graciela Guido X Beacon Lights of History - Volume I (Illustrated Edition) (Dodo Press), . In the novel Night by Elie Wiesel, the theme of night and darkness is prevalent throughout the story and is used as a primary tool to convey symbolism, foreshadowing, and the hopeless defeat felt by prisoners of Holocaust concentration camps.
Minor details have been altered, but what happens to Eliezer is what happened to Wiesel himself during the Holocaust. It is important to remember, however, that there is a difference between the persona of Night ’s narrator, Eliezer, and that of Night ’s author, Elie Wiesel.